The studies oriented in developing the handicapped so as to integrate them into the communal life are intensively carried on in the world primarily in the USA and EU. The studies carried out in this respect are continued within the scope of preparing the legal legislations, supervision of the practices are performed in accordance with the prepared legal legislations, implementing the programs oriented in development of the handicapped, and making arrangements to increase the employment opportunities of the handicapped.
In our country, the legal legislations and practices towards the handicapped are carried on similarly to those in the USA and EU. This study with the subject matter of Production, Standards and Potential of Orthesis, Prosthesis and Wheel-Chair, which is carried out by the National Productivity Center under the cooperation of Turkish Ministry of Industry and Commerce and Turkish Confederation for the Disabled consists of four sections.
Disability definitions, disability groups and disability reasons are reviewed in the first section. Laws and institutional services towards the handicapped people in the USA, EU and Turkey are reviewed in the second section.
The third section reviews the assistant products for the handicapped, production of wheel-chairs in Turkey, effect of the poor quality of the products on the individual's health, standards prepared and adopted by Turkish Standards Institute in respect of wheel-chair, problems in accessibility of the handicapped in Turkey, laws and regulations put into effect in order to eliminate the physical barriers encountered by the handicapped, and the standard directly involved in the handicapped. Finally the fourth section contains conclusions and suggestions.